U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia
The late U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia (1936-2016) observed that all Americans enjoy essential protections to exercise constitution freedom of speech and freedom of religion rights, including exemptions from many attempts at limitation. He wrote in an historic analysis: “The free-speech claim exempts everybody, thanks to Jehovah’s Witnesses.”
OKLAHOMA CITY — June 4, 2022 — While Jehovah’s Witnesses have chosen to temporarily suspend their door-to-door ministry during the worldwide pandemic, their activity was almost permanently banned by one U.S. village in the late 1990s.
That was the risk, until the United States Supreme Court stepped in with a historic 8-1 decision on June 17, 2002, declaring the local ordinance unconstitutional.
According to a press release sent to The Oklahoma City Sentinel, “As the 20th anniversary of that precedent-setting decision nears, some Oklahoma City residents wonder what their lives would be like if one of their neighbors had not knocked on their door and shared a life-changing message with them.”
Constitutional scholars of diverse philosophies have marvel at the outsized impact the decision has had on the protection of free speech for all, agreeing with Justice Antonin Scalia’s opinion in the case,
“The free-speech claim exempts everybody, thanks to Jehovah’s Witnesses.”
“If it had not been for the door-to-door work, I would still be in the dark,” said Oklahoma City resident Nancy Sims, fondly remembering the time Jehovah’s Witnesses came to her home as a day that changed her life.
“It has absolutely been the very best thing in my life.”
The 2002 Supreme Court decision in Watchtower v. Village of Stratton affirmed that a local village ordinance in Stratton, Ohio, requiring a permit to knock on doors violated the rights of any person who wanted to engage in free speech with their neighbor, including Jehovah’s Witnesses who practice door-to-door evangelizing. The Court overturned two lower court rulings that upheld the ordinance and thus paved the way for all citizens to maintain dialogue with their neighbors on any number of issues, including environmental, civic, political or educational.
“Looking back on the two decades since the decision, it’s clear to see the wide-ranging impact that ‘Watchtower v. Stratton’ has had on free speech for all,” said Josh McDaniel, director of the Religious Freedom Clinic at the Harvard Law School.
“This is just the latest of some 50 Supreme Court victories by Jehovah’s Witnesses that have helped establish and broaden First Amendment jurisprudence throughout the last century.”
The village of Stratton became a center of controversy in 1998 after the mayor personally confronted four Jehovah’s Witnesses as they were driving out of the village after visiting a resident. Subsequently, the village enacted the ordinance “Regulating Uninvited Peddling and Solicitation Upon Private Property,” which required anyone wishing to engage in door-to-door activity to obtain a permit from the mayor or face imprisonment.
Jehovah’s Witnesses viewed this ordinance as an infringement of freedom of speech, free exercise of religion, and freedom of press. Therefore, they brought a lawsuit in federal court after the village refused to modify its enforcement of this ordinance.
“Our motive for initiating the case was clear: We wanted to remove any obstacle that would prevent us from carrying out our scriptural obligation to preach the good news of the Kingdom,” said Robert Hendriks, U.S. spokesman for Jehovah’s Witnesses.
“Making it a criminal offense to talk with a neighbor without seeking government approval is offensive to many people, but particularly to God who commanded Christians to preach the gospel.”
Before Jehovah’s Witnesses came to her door, Sims was keenly searching for an answer to a specific Bible question. “It opened a whole new world of understanding for me,” she said, adding that she appreciated the earnest efforts of the two women who came to her home despite the sweltering heat that day.
Today, Sims, who became one of Jehovah’s Witnesses in 2013, puts forth that same effort in reaching out to those who may have Bible questions as she did by engaging in a productive ministry through letter writing, phone calls, and virtual visits. However, she is looking forward to knocking on doors again.
“We are thankful that we have the legal right to practice our ministry from door to door,” said Hendriks. “When the time is right and conditions are safe, we hope to visit our neighbors in person once again.”
For more information on the Stratton case, go to www.jw.org and type Stratton in the search field.
This legal victory, drawn from the U.S. Constitution and long-established precents, is one of more than 250 rulings in cases brought by Jehovah’s Witnesses in high courts around the world that have expanded the rights of people of all religious faiths.
“It's hard to point to any organization, let alone a religious organization, that has had such a profound impact on the shaping of constitutional law over many decades in the Supreme Court," said Harvard professor McDaniel.


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